Beer Styles – Bocks

Below are descriptions of some bock style beers – traditional bocks, maibock/helles bocks, doppelbocks, and eisbocks.

Beer Styles - Bocks | rainerlife.com

Traditional Bock

Traditional bocks are German in origin (Einbeck, Germany). These beers range from light brown to very dark brown in color, and are clear. They have moderate hop bitterness. Traditional bocks have no to very low hop aroma, moderate to high maltiness, and no to low fruitiness. The hop flavor can range from none to very low, with moderate to high maltiness (toasty). The grain bill includes Munich and Vienna malts. Traditionally, continental hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 5B.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.064 – 1.072 1.066 – 1.074
Final Gravity (FG) 1.013 – 1.019 1.018 – 1.024
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 20 – 27 20 – 30
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 14 – 22 20 – 30
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 6.3 – 7.2% 6.3 – 7.5%

 

Recommendations:
Shiner Bock (Spoetzl Brewery)
Saint Arnold Spring Bock (Saint Arnold Brewing Company)

 

 

Maibock/Helles Bock

Maibocks are often associated with Springtime. They are similar to tradtional bocks, but more pale. These beers range from pale gold to amber in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. Maibocks have no to moderately low hop aroma (spicy), moderate to high sweet maltiness, and no to low fruitiness. The hop flavor can range from none to moderate, with moderate to high maltiness (toast or biscuit-like) and none to low fruitiness. The grain bill may include pilsner, Vienna, and/or Munich malts. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 2A.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.064 – 1.072 1.066 – 1.074
Final Gravity (FG) 1.011 – 1.018 1.012 – 1.020
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 23 – 35 20 – 38
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 6 – 11 4 – 9
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 6.3 – 7.4% 6.0 – 8.0%

 

Recommendations:
Dead Guy Ale (Rogue Ales)
Glissade Golden Bock (Sierra Nevada Brewing Co.)

 

 

Doppelbock

Doppelbocks are German in origin and were originally a winter beer. These beers range from deep gold to very dark brown in color, and are clear. They have moderately low to moderate hop bitterness. Doppelbocks have no to very low hop aroma, high maltiness (caramel, chocolate, and/or toasty), and no to very low fruitiness. The hop flavor ranges from none to low, with high maltiness, none to low fruitiness (plum and/or grape), and a noticeable alcohol taste. The grain bill may include pilsner and Vienna malts for paler doppelbocks and Munich and Vienna malts for darker doppelbocks. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 5C.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.072 – 1.112 1.074 – 1.080
Final Gravity (FG) 1.016 – 1.024 1.014 – 1.020
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 16 – 26 17 – 27
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 6 – 25 12 – 30
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 7.0 – 10.0% 6.5 – 8.0%

 

Recommendations:
Ayinger Celebrator (Brauerei Aying)
Lobotomy Bock Lager (Indian Wells Brewing Company)
Alaskan Troppelbock (Alaskan Brewing Co.)

 

 

Eisbock

Eisbocks are brewed by freezing a doppelbock and removing the ice, resulting in a stronger beer. These beers range from brown to black in color, and are clear. They have very low to moderate hop bitterness. Eisbocks have no hop aroma, high maltiness, and no to low fruitiness (plum and/or grape). The hop flavor is none, with high maltiness (caramel, chocolate, and/or toasty), and a noticeable alcohol taste. The grain bill may include pilsner and Vienna malts for paler eisbocks and Munich and Vienna malts for darker eisbocks. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 5D.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.078 – 1.120 1.074 – 1.116
Final Gravity (FG) 1.020 – 1.035 N/A
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 25 – 35 26 – 33
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 18 – 30 18 – 50
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 9.0 – 14.0% 8.6 – 14.4%

 

 

Sources:
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) Style Guidelines
Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines

 

Beer Styles – Dark Lagers

Below are descriptions of some dark lagers – American dark lagers, Munich dunkels, and Schwarzbiers.

Beer Styles - Dark Lagers | rainerlife.com

American Dark Lager

American dark lagers are similar to bocks, but not as malty. These beers range from light brown to dark brown in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. American dark lagers have no to low hop aroma (spicy and/or floral), no to low maltiness, and no to low fruitiness. The hop flavor can range from none to low, with low to moderate sweet maltiness (caramel, roasted, coffee, and/or molasses) and none to very low fruitiness. The grain bill may include pale, caramel/crystal, and darker malts, plus adjuncts (corn or rice). Traditionally, noble or American hops are used. These beers are fermented using an American lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 4A.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.044 – 1.056 1.040 – 1.050
Final Gravity (FG) 1.008 – 1.012 1.008 – 1.012
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 8 – 20 14 – 20
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 14 – 22 14 – 25
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.2 – 6.0% 4.5 – 5.0%

 

Recommendations:
Blackened Voodoo (Dixie Brewing Co. contract brewed by Minhas Craft Brewery)
Heineken Dark Lager (Heineken)
Shiner Bohemian Black Lager (Spoetzl Brewery)

 

 

Munich Dunkel

Munich dunkels originated in Munich, Germany. These beers range from light brown to very dark brown in color, and are usually clear. They have moderately low to moderate hop bitterness. Munich dunkels have very low hop aroma and low to moderate sweet maltiness. The hop flavor ranges from none to low, with moderate to high maltiness (caramel, chocolate, nutty, bready, and/or toasty). The grain bill may include Munich, pilsner, and/or crystal malts. Traditionally, noble or German hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 4B.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.048 – 1.056 1.048 – 1.056
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.016 1.014 – 1.018
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 18 – 28 16 – 25
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 14 – 28 15 – 20
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.5 – 5.6% 4.5 – 5.0%

 

Recommendations:
Warsteiner Premium Dunkel (Warsteiner Brauerei)
Hofbräu Dunkel (Staatliches Hofbräuhaus München)
Lobo Negro (Pedernales Brewing Company)

 

 

Schwarzbier

Schwarzbiers are German in origin and are similar to Munich dunkels, but are darker and drier. These beers range from brown to very dark brown in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. Schwarzbiers have no to low hop aroma and low to moderately low maltiness (coffee and/or caramel). The hop flavor ranges from low to moderate, with low to moderate maltiness (sweet, roasted, caramel, and/or chocolate). The grain bill may include Munich, pilsner, and roasted malts. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 4C.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.046 – 1.052 1.044 – 1.052
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.016 1.010 – 1.016
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 22 – 32 22 – 30
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 17 – 30 25 – 30
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.4 – 5.4% 3.8 – 5.0%

 

Recommendations:
Köstritzer Schwarzbier (Bitburger Braugruppe)
Krombacher Dark (Krombacher Brauerei Bernhard Schadeberg)
Miner Mishap (Choc Beer Company)

 

 

Sources:
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) Style Guidelines
Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines

 

Beer Styles – Amber Lagers

Below are descriptions of some amber lagers – Vienna lagers, Oktoberfests/märzens, and American amber lagers.

Beer Styles - Amber Lagers | rainerlife.com

Vienna Lager

Vienna lagers originated in the 1840s in Austria. These beers range from copper to reddish brown in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. Vienna lagers have no to low hop aroma and moderate maltiness. The hop flavor can range from none to low, with moderate maltiness (toasty). The grain bill includes Vienna malt, caramel/crystal malts, and darker malts. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 3A.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.046 – 1.052 1.046 – 1.056
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.014 1.012 – 1.018
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 18 – 30 22 – 28
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 10 – 16 12 – 16
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.5 – 5.5% 4.8 – 5.4%

 

Recommendations:
Community Vienna Lager (Community Beer Company)
Big Bark Amber Lager (Live Oak Brewing Company)
Negra Modelo (Grupo Modelo S.A. de C.V.)

 

 

Oktoberfest/Märzen

Oktoberfests are German in origin. These beers range from pale gold to light brown in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. Oktoberfests have no to low hop aroma and moderate maltiness. The hop flavor ranges from none to low, with moderate (toasty) maltiness. The grain bill may include Vienna, Munich, pilsner, and/or crystal malts. Traditionally, noble hops are used. American versions of Oktoberfests are more hoppy. These beers are fermented using an Oktoberfest lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 3B. The Brewers Association recognizes three styles – German-style Märzen, German-Style Oktoberfest/Wiesn, and American-Style Märzen/Oktoberfest.

Beer Judge Certification Program Oktoberfest/Märzen Brewers Association German-style Märzen Brewers Association German-Style Oktoberfest/Wiesn Brewers Association American-Style Märzen/Oktoberfest
Original Gravity (OG) 1.050 – 1.057 1.050 – 1.060 1.048 – 1.056 1.050 – 1.060
Final Gravity (FG) 1.012 – 1.016 1.012 – 1.020 1.010 – 1.014 1.012 – 1.020
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 20 – 28 18 – 25 23 – 29 20 – 30
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 7 – 14 4 – 15 3 – 5 4 – 15
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.8 – 5.7% 5.3 – 5.9% 5.0 – 6.0% 5.3 – 5.9%

 

Recommendations:
Oktoberfest Märzen (Paulaner Brauerei)
Hofbräu Oktoberfestbier (Staatliches Hofbräuhaus München)
Hex (Ourtoberfest) (Magic Hat Brewing Company)

 

 

American Amber Lager

American amber lagers are maltier than American pale lagers. These beers range from deep gold to light brown in color, and are clear. They have very low to moderately high hop bitterness. American amber lagers have very low to moderately high hop aroma and low to moderately low maltiness. The hop flavor ranges from very low to moderately high, with low to moderately low maltiness (caramel and/or toasty). The grain bill may include pale malt and caramel/crystal malts. Traditionally, noble hops (e.g., Saaz) are used. These beers are fermented using an American lager yeast. This style fits in category 23 (Specialty Beer) of the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP). Since this category is a catch-all for beers that do not fall under another category, and includes different base beers, no BJCP statistics are given.

Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.042 – 1.056
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.018
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 18 – 30
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 6 – 14
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.8 – 5.4%

 

Recommendations:
Old Scratch Amber Lager (Flying Dog Brewery)
Vinyl (Magic Hat Brewing Company)
George Killian’s Irish Red (Coors Brewing Company)

 

 

Sources:
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) Style Guidelines
Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines

 

Beer Styles – Pale Lagers

Below are descriptions of some pale lagers – American lagers, Munich helles, and Dortmunder exports.

Beer Styles - Pale Lagers | rainerlife.com

American Lagers

Three types of American lagers exist – light, standard, and premium. These beers range from pale straw to deep gold in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. American lagers have no to low hop aroma (spicy and/or floral), no to low sweet maltiness (grainy and/or corn-like), and no to low fruitiness. The hop flavor can range from none to low, with low sweet maltiness. The grain bill includes pale malts and adjuncts (corn or rice). Premium lagers use fewer adjuncts than light and standard lagers. Traditionally, noble or American hops are used. These beers are fermented using an American lager or pilsner yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 1A (Lite American Lager), 1B (Standard American Lager), and 1C (Premium American Lager).

Beer Judge Certification Program Lite American Lager Brewers Association American Light Lager
Original Gravity (OG) 1.028 – 1.040 1.024 – 1.040
Final Gravity (FG) 0.998 – 1.008 0.992 – 1.008
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 8 – 12 4 – 10
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 2 – 3 1.5 – 4
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 2.8 – 4.2% 3.5 – 4.4%

 

Beer Judge Certification Program Standard American Lager Beer Judge Certification Program Premium American Lager Brewers Association American Lager
Original Gravity (OG) 1.040 – 1.050 1.046 – 1.056 1.040 – 1.048
Final Gravity (FG) 1.004 – 1.010 1.008 – 1.012 1.006 – 1.014
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 8 – 15 15 – 25 5 – 15
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 2 – 4 2 – 6 2 – 6
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.2 – 5.3% 4.6 – 6.0% 3.8 – 5.0%

 

 

Recommendations:
American Light Lagers:
Lightswitch Lager (BJ’s Restaurant and Brewhouse)
Miller Lite (Miller Brewing Company)
Shiner Light (Spoetzl Brewery)

American Standard Lagers:
Landshark Lager (Margaritaville Brewing Company)
Dixie Lager (Dixie Brewing Co. contract brewed by Minhas Craft Brewery)
Corona Extra (Grupo Modelo S.A. de C.V.)

American Premium Lagers:
Longboard Island Lager (Kona Brewing Company)
Shift (New Belgium Brewing Company)
Omission Lager (Omission Beer)

 

 

Munich Helles

Munich helles originated in Munich, Germany. These beers range from straw to gold in color, and are clear. They have low to moderately low hop bitterness. Munich helles have low to moderately low hop aroma (spicy) and low sweet maltiness. The hop flavor ranges from low to moderately low, with low to moderate sweet maltiness. The grain bill includes pilsner malt. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 1D.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.045 – 1.051 1.044 – 1.050
Final Gravity (FG) 1.008 – 1.012 1.008 – 1.012
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 16 – 22 18 – 25
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 3 – 5 4 – 5.5
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.7 – 5.4% 4.5 – 5.5%

 

Recommendations:
Weihenstephaner Original (Bayerische Staatsbrauerei Weihenstephan)
Franconia Lager (Franconia Brewing Company)
Bikini Blonde Lager (Maui Brewing Co.)

 

 

Dortmunder Export

Dortmunder exports are German in origin (Dortmund, Germany) and are similar to Munich helles, with hops similar to pilsners. These beers range from straw to deep gold in color, and are clear. They have moderate hop bitterness. Dortmunder exports have low to moderate hop aroma and moderate sweet maltiness. The flavor is low in both hops and malt. The grain bill includes pilsner malt. Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 1E.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.048 – 1.056 1.048 – 1.056
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.015 1.010 – 1.014
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 23 – 30 23 – 29
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 4 – 6 3 – 6
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.8 – 6.0% 5.0 – 6.0%

 

Recommendations:
Dortmunder Gold (Great Lakes Brewing Company)
Shiner Dortmunder Style Spring Ale (Spoetzl Brewery)

 

 

Sources:
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) Style Guidelines
Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines

 

Beer Styles – Pilsners

Below are descriptions of some pilsner style beers – German pilsners, Bohemian pilsners, and American pilsners.

Beer Styles - Pilsners | rainerlife.com

German Pilsner

German pilsners are similar to Bohemian pilsners, but are drier and crisper in taste. These beers range from pale straw to gold in color, and are clear. They have moderate to high hop bitterness. German pilsners have low to moderate hop aroma (spicy) and low maltiness. The hop flavor can range from low to high, with moderate maltiness (grainy). The grain bill includes pilsner malt. Traditionally, noble hops (e.g., Hallertauer) are used. These beers are fermented using a German lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 2A.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.044 – 1.050 1.044 – 1.050
Final Gravity (FG) 1.008 – 1.013 1.006 – 1.012
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 25 – 45 25 – 40
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 2 – 5 3 – 4
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.4 – 5.2% 4.0 – 5.0%

 

Recommendations:
Scrimshaw Pilsner (North Coast Brewing Company)
Warsteiner Premium Verum (Warsteiner Brauerei)
Krombacher Pilsner (Krombacher Brauerei Bernhard Schadeberg)

 

 

Bohemian Pilsner

Bohemian pilsners were first brewed in 1842 in, what is now, the Czech Republic. These beers range from straw to light amber in color, and are clear. They have low to moderate hop bitterness. Bohemian pilsners have low to moderate hop aroma (floral, spicy) and a low to moderate sweet maltiness. The hop flavor can range from low to moderate, with low to moderate maltiness (toast or biscuit-like). The grain bill includes Monrovian Pilsner malt. Traditionally, noble hops (e.g., Saaz) are used. These beers are fermented using a Czech lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 2B.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.044 – 1.056 1.044 – 1.056
Final Gravity (FG) 1.013 – 1.017 1.014 – 1.020
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 35 – 45 30 – 45
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 3.5 – 6 3 – 7
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.2 – 5.4% 4.0 – 5.0%

 

Recommendations:
Nomad (Great Divide Brewing Company)
Mama’s Little Yella Pils (Oskar Blues Brewery)
Summerfest (Sierra Nevada Brewing Co.)

 

 

American Pilsner

The American pilsner style was brought to the United States by German immigrants. These beers range from straw to deep gold in color, and are clear. They have moderate to high hop bitterness. American pilsners have moderate hop aroma and a low to moderate maltiness. The hop flavor ranges from moderate to high, with moderate to moderately high maltiness (grainy and corn-like). The grain bill may include six-row pale malt and adjuncts (corn or rice). Traditionally, noble hops are used. These beers are fermented using a pilsner lager yeast. This style is recognized by the Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) in category 2C.

Beer Judge Certification Program Brewers Association
Original Gravity (OG) 1.044 – 1.060 1.045 – 1.060
Final Gravity (FG) 1.010 – 1.015 1.012 – 1.018
International Bitterness Unit (IBU) 25 – 40 25 – 40
Standard Reference Method (SRM) 3 – 6 3 – 6
Alcohol by Volume (ABV) 4.5 – 6.0% 5.0 – 6.0%

 

Recommendations:
Redhook Pilsner (Redhook Ale Brewery)
Saint Arnold Summer Pils (Saint Arnold Brewing Company)

 

 

Sources:
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP) Style Guidelines
Brewers Association Beer Style Guidelines